Drug Use and Misuse: A Community Health Perspective

Authors

Christy Bazan
College of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Brandi Barnes
College of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Ryan Santens
College of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign
Emily Verone
College of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Keywords:

health, social sciences, drug use, drug abuse

Synopsis

With technical editors Janet Swatscheno and Heejoung Shin.

Drug Use and Misuse: A Community Health Perspective provides students with an introduction to the biological, psychological, and legal aspects of drug use and misuse through the lens of community health and discusses the impact of drug use and misuse on community health. The book contains eight distinct chapters addressing the background of drug use and misuse, including key terms, as well as an introduction to different categories of drugs including gateway drugs, opioids, and prescription drugs, and a conclusion that describes evidence-based prevention and treatment models. Originally developed for use in the popular undergraduate survey course “Drug Use and Abuse” taught at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, the book is aimed at students learning about community health and the effects of drug use in a variety of contexts, such as survey courses for pharmacology, psychology, or public health.

The authors would like to thank Sara Benson and the University of Illinois Library for providing the funds and guidance to support this project.

Please cite this book using the DOI: 10.21900/wd.16

Chapters

  • About This Book
  • Introduction
  • Drug Use and Misuse Overview
  • How Drugs Work in the Body and the Brain
  • Social Determinants of Drug Use, Misuse, and Involvement
  • Gateway Drugs (Caffeine, Alcohol, Tobacco, Marijuana)
  • Sedative Hypnotics, Psychotherapeutic Drugs, Psychedelics, and Hallucinogens
  • Opioids, Stimulants, Depressants, and Inhalants
  • Prescription Medication, Over-the-Counter Drugs, Dietary Supplements, and Appearance and Performance Enhancers
  • Evidence-Based Prevention and Treatment Models

Author Biographies

Christy Bazan, College of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Christy N. Bazan is a Licensed Environmental Health Practitioner and Master’s Certified Health Educator. She has an MPH from Benedictine University in Health Education and BS in Environmental Health from Illinois State University.

She has taught in higher education for over 25 years with primary interests in Community and Public Health and School Health Education. Her passions in the field include disease prevention, drug abuse prevention education, and contemporary health issues.

When she is not teaching, she is engaged in her Community of Bloomington-Normal, IL, where she serves at the President of the YMCA Board. She loves cooking, golfing, walking, exercising, and spending time with family and friends.

Brandi Barnes, College of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

Brandi Barnes is a Research Development Manager at the Interdisciplinary Health Sciences Institute (IHSI). Her primary role is to work with faculty, administration, and external stakeholders to identify, expand, and support new initiatives aimed at reducing health disparities. She achieves this by facilitating collaborative research proposals and by organizing campus and community events, programs, and workshops. Dr. Barnes also serves as a program coordinator for the Community-Academic Scholars Initiative, where she mentors undergraduates during a ten-week community-based research experience. In addition, she works with the Health Sciences Data Analytics Core at IHSI to collect and analyze data for strategic planning.

Brandi Barnes has a background in health promotion and health education program implementation and evaluation from her prior experience at a behavioral health treatment and research center. She earned her bachelor’s, master’s, and PhD from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Her doctoral degree is in community health with a specialization in health psychology. Her research areas of interest include preventing stigma in accessing mental health care services and barriers to treatment.

Ryan Santens, College of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

I am interested in adapting mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) for a variety of target audiences and investigating the impact of participating in MBIs across a range of outcomes including psychological well-being, self-efficacy, creativity, resilience, performance and health behavior change.

Broadly, my interests lie at the intersection of social work and public health applying strengths-based, participatory and culturally responsive approaches within an evidence-based framework to improve the lives of underserved populations in both urban and rural settings. As an experienced social science/ mental health/ public health research-practitioner, I have skill sets across four domains:
(1) Mindfulness Instruction – mindfulness instructor, mindfulness instructor trainer;
(2) Research – epidemiology, implementation science, data collection/ management/ analysis,
measures, IRB submissions, conducting literature reviews, writing peer-reviewed
publications, presenting at academic conferences;
(3) Programming – program planning/ implementation/ evaluation, curriculum development; and
(4) Community – engagement/ outreach, organization/ capacity building, assessment, training/
education.

Emily Verone, College of Applied Health Sciences at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

After graduating from University of Illinois in 2009 with her B.S., Emily Verone continued her education at Illinois as a graduate student in Community Health. During her master’s work, Verone taught several undergraduate Community Health classes and focused her graduate work on various food insecurities and rural health. After earning her Master’s degree in 2011, Verone went on to work as a Health Educator for Duval County Health Department in Jacksonville, Florida.

With a desire to gain clinical experience, she completed nursing school at Jacksonville University earning a B.S.N. and M.S.N. Her area of expertise is emergency and medical-surgical nursing and is a Certified Emergency Nurse through ANCC. With a desire to practice in underserved communities, Verone applied for and was selected as a Department of Health and Human Services Nurse Corp Participant from 2012-2015.  She has led several workgroups with a focus on improving patient care using evidenced based practice, advanced data collection methods, and electronic medical record tools. Other certifications include BLS, PALS, and ACLS.

White pills on blue background.

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Published

May 11, 2022