The Great Depression and the New Deal: Transient Division Newsletter from Macon, Georgia


  • Summer Matthes
  • Rachel Danna Mulick
  • Jordan Wilkerson



New Deal, Great Depression, Newsletters, Transient Camps, 1930s, Homosexuality, race


Vol 4. No. 2 (2023). This issue of SourceLab introduces readers to New Deal, a transient camp newsletter published in Macon, Georgia in 1934. This publication is part of the digital documentary edition series SourceLab, based at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Our Editorial Board conducts rigorous peer-review of every edition.


Alabama-Georgian 2 no. 9, November 15, 1935.

Anderson, Nels. The Hobo: The Sociology of the Homeless Man. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1923. Reprint: Eastford: Martino Fine Books, 2014.

Bonus Blues 1 no. 2., July 14, 1935.

Bourisseau, John. "Transient Camps in Chagrin." Chagrin Falls Historical Society, published May 18, 2017.

Canaday, Margot. The Straight State: Sexuality and American Citizenship, 1900-1969. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2004.

Civilian Conservation Corps. Contributing to the Defense of the Nation. Washington, D.C., 1941.

Colon, Jose. American History: Reconstruction to the Present. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company, 2019.

Crouse, Joan. The Homeless Transient in the Great Depression. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1986.

Department of Public Welfare, "Report for the Years 1929, 1930 and 1931." Atlanta, 1932.

“Essay: The Federal Emergency Relief Administration.” Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA) Collection. University of Washington: University Libraries. Accessed December 10, 2022.

Gambrell, Lula Jane. "Characteristics of Negro male transients applying to the Federal relief administration, Atlanta, Georgia, 1933-34." Master's thesis: Atlanta University, 1935.

Giesen, James. "Sharecropping." New Georgia Encyclopedia, last modified Sep 29, 2020.

"The Great Depression: Transient Men." Iowa Heritage Hard Times - Iowa Public Television, 1979.

Gregory, James. American Exodus. New York: Oxford University Press, 1989.

Hawley, Haven. “Revaluing Mimeographs as Historical Sources.” RBM: A Journal of Rare Books, Manuscripts, & Cultural Heritage 15, no. 1 (2014): 40-55.

Illinois Department of Public Works and Buildings, Transient Work Camps, Works Progress Administration. Springfield, 1936.

Jacksonville Historical Society. "Camp Foster Work Camp." Accessed August 6, 2023.[1494]/1/.

Lange, Dorothea. Cotton field and plantation house. Macon County, Georgia. August 1937. Photograph. Photogrammar.

Leab, Daniel J. The Great Depression and the New Deal: A Thematic Encyclopedia. Vol. 1. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2010.

Lee, Russell. Members of the transient camp saw up old sleds for firewood. Near Hagerman Lake, Michigan. April 1937. Photograph. Library of Congress, Washington D.C.

Lee, Russell. Men in transient camp near Hagerman Lake, Michigan. April 1937. Photograph. Library of Congress, Washington D.C.

Macon County Commissioners. "History of Macon County." Accessed August 6, 2023.

McElvaine, Robert S. Encyclopedia of the Great Depression. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2004.

McPherson, James. "San Carlo Opera Company." The Canadian Encyclopedia. Last modified December 16, 2013.

Mydans, Carl. Transient labor camp. Pere Marquette recreational demonstration project near Grafton, Illinois. May 1936. Photograph. Library of Congress, Washington D.C.

The New Deal 1 no. 33, November 9, 1934.

Ptak, John F. “A Tiny Peep at the African American in the Great Depression & Dust Bowl Migration, 1935.” JF Ptak Science Books. Accessed June 11, 2023.

Sutherland, Edwin H. Twenty Thousand Homeless Men: A Study of Unemployed Men in the Chicago Shelters. Chicago, IL: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1936.

"Transient Camps May Go Under WPA." Kershaw County, South Carolina History. Accessed August 6, 2023.

Tye, Nathan. “Making Homes on the Road: Transient Mobility, Domesticity, and Culture in the United States, 1870s-1930s.” PhD thesis, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2010.

Wolcott, Marion Post. "Rolling store which goes from door to door selling groceries, hardware, drygoods, drugs, and a variety of household and farm supplies. Near Montezuma, Georgia." June 1939. Photograph. Photogrammar.

Wright, Chris. “‘Shelter Men': Life in Chicago’s Public Shelters during the Great Depression.” Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 111, no. 3 (2018): 34–66.

Zainaldin, Jamil. "Great Depression." New Georgia Encyclopedia, last modified Sep 29, 2020.

"3 Transient Bureaus Are To Serve Georgia." Atlanta Constitution, August 1, 1935.

Three men use a saw to cut wood in a yard.